Moreover, the few prisoners influenced by Communist indoctrination apparently succumbed as a result of the confluence of the coercive persuasion, and of the motives andpersonalitycharacteristics of the prisoners that already existed before imprisonment. WebNormalized generational toxicity & internalized frustrations abetted by the need to do something for a higher social/religious/moral purpose, which is satiated by state-sponsored brainwashing, are to be blamed for this. I took issue with this, because it's just a regular school with a thoroughly secular/neutral curriculum, only with a few added religious elements, mostly outside the class room. Jumpthrow bind. The changing of a persons behavior through coercive persuasion is possible, but it is not necessarily brainwashing. More: Cults Books Brainwashing Religious Cults Victims QAnon Books & Fiction Get book recommendations, fiction, poetry, and dispatches from the world of Its divided into theists who know that they live by belief, and atheists who live by belief but dont know it. However, many scholars in the field of new religious movements did not accept Hassans Bite model. Religion 'I was a Moonie cult leader' Steven Hassan spent two-and-a-half years being 'brainwashed' by the Rev Sun Myung Moon's controversial Unification Church. They would never have reached those fairytale conclusions on their own, so there must surely be something insidious at work behind it a sort of religious Kaiser Soze.. Under Stalin, those found guilty of thought crimes faced a slow death in the Gulag. It is based off of Dr. Robert Jay Liftons Eight-Point Model of Thought Reform and borrows from several other authorities on the topic of religious mind-control. Tools of Mind Control: 1. What distinguishes between religious teaching and religious brainwashing (or indoctrination)? Taylor doesnt make the connection, but whats striking about these five techniques is that religious schools have traditionally been heavily reliant upon them. brainwashing, also called Coercive Persuasion, systematic effort to persuade nonbelievers to accept a certain allegiance, command, or doctrine. Just stumbled over this old unpublished piece. While many lives have been destroyed in the process, total success has never been documented. Why? So, let's not forget that it's not just brainwashing, it's the longing to be around others that often draws people to religion. one striking fact about brainwashing is its consistency. That brief characterized the theory of brainwashing as not scientifically proven and suggested the hypothesis that cult recruitment techniques might prove coercive for certain sub-groups, while not affecting others. Thus, it is evident that the scientific debate about whether any religion brainwashes its adherents was concluded and relegated to historical commentary as an incident of prejudicial hysteria brought on by a quack psychologist. You might also say Ah, yes, well, but the difference is that what we believe is true! In which case, the questions isnt really Is All Religion Brainwashing? but, simply, What is True?. On the other side, defenders of the NRMs likened the personality changes to religious conversion experiences recounted by numerous people, including such notable examples asSaint Pauland SaintFrancis of Assisi. WebThe purpose of religious education by the way is to teach children what the religion they are getting into is so that they can prepare themselves for communion. The techniques of brainwashing typically involve isolation from former associates and sources of information; an exacting regimen requiring absolute obedience and humility; strong social pressures and rewards for cooperation; physical and psychological punishments for non-cooperation ranging from social ostracism and criticism, deprivation of food, sleep, and social contacts, to bondage and torture; and continual reinforcement. The depth and permanence of changes in attitude and point of view depend on the personality of the individual, degree of motivation to be reformed, and the degree to which the environment supports the new frame of reference. In 1983, the American Psychological Association (APA) askedMargaret Singer, one of the leading proponents of coercive persuasion theories, to chair a task force called DIMPAC to investigate whether brainwashing or coercive persuasion did indeed play a role in recruitment by such movements. 2. and they equally couldnt rely upon their colleagues. Be aware that The protagonist of the Jason Bourne action movies and novels is an example of brainwashing taken to an extreme I dont believe exists in the real world. A boy can regenerate, so demons eat him for years. The second lawsuit, asserting defamation and conspiracy, was dismissed under a California law prohibiting baseless, vindictive and harassing litigation. Totalitarian regimes are fond of lining up pupils up in playgrounds for a daily recitation of the regimes key tenets. The APA subsequently withdrew its signature from this brief, and later rejected the DIMPAC report due to insufficient evidence. An Introduction to Philosophy from the 100 Greatest Philosophers. Do we think we should have what we want, or that our own personal happiness is the chief aim of life? According to a Sunday Direct Polls survey, which I find to be the most reliable, as tested in their string of accurate predictions III Project. Liberals believe individuals should be encouraged to think independently and make their own judgements about, say, whether stealing from supermarkets is wrong or if Jesus literally rose from the dead. When sufficient number of people come together, that can make an impact on the society concerned to change as happened throughout the ages. Your attempt to sign up by email has failed please try again. That hunger can be the cause of a lot of unhappiness, when were lost and confused. Brainwashing as a deliberate practice, though, still remains undefined and unproven. Various lawsuits were brought, some by families and organizations opposed to NRMs; others by members of NRMs who were subjected to deprogramming by people hired to bring them back to their former beliefs and lifestyle. This is a hard one. Amongstatheist adults in America, a full 40% are aged 18-29, and fewer than a quarter are over 50. Dalsze korzystanie ze strony oznacza, e zgadzasz si na ich uycie. Komendy CS GO. They would be unable to rely upon the scientific conclusions of anyone who had come before them (after all, whos to say that they didnt doctor their research?) Break down the persons sense of self. Learn more in our Cookie Policy. Part of this involves creating guilt. It is based off of Dr. Robert Jay Liftons Eight-Point Model of Thought Reform and borrows from several other authorities on the topic of religious mind-control. And of course, atheists can be authoritarian. The clearestanswer to this comes from St. John Paul IIs encyclical on the relationship of faith and reason (fittingly, calledFaith and Reason, orFides et Ratio). Coercive persuasion had been seen during theInquisition, and in the show trials against enemies of the state in theSoviet Union. Religious brainwashers tend to take a hardline approach to holy commands they dont want liberal interpretations washing down what they preach. Put simply, they dont want their interpretations to be questioned. Conformity is key. Associate alternatives with negatives: meaninglessness, selfish materialism, amorality, hell, and so on. But lets make sure they are liberal faith schools. WebCultic Brainwashing The controversy over new religious movements (NRMs), popularly referred to as cults, is most immediately a product of the 1960s countercultural period. This is very scary because you dont feel like you are who you used to be anymore. In 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit rejected an attempt to resurrect the religious brainwashing theory. The negative implications of indoctrination come from the fact that much indoctrination involves presenting the subject only with material and sources which support the views held by the person or organisation doing the indoctrinating, and classifying other material and sources as evil or incompatible with the views being promoted (the attitude of some fundamentalist Christian organisations to The Origin of Species being an example), Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. The difference between the two words is that brainwashing originally described coercive techniques applied to unwilling subjects (there were suggestions that Gary Powers had been brainwashed after his U2 plane was brought down over the USSR in 1960 and spy fiction and movies like The Ipcress File included supposed brainwashing sequences) whereas indoctrination has usually been thought of as a gentler and longer-term process applied to children and willing converts. When expanded it provides a list of search options that will switch the search inputs to match the current selection. Don't miss a single post from the CVM team. What if you were brainwashed into thinking that? I wonder whether some people grab for the word brainwashing out of despair, particularly when they know seemingly well-adjusted Christians. Conversion is a "nice" word for brainwashingand any study of brainwashing has to begin with a study of Christian revivalism in eighteenth century America. 10-56266, (Ninth Circuit July 24, 2012), the plaintiff attempted to put forward evidence in the form of a declaration by Dr.Robert Levine, a self-proclaimed expert in the psychology of persuasion and mind control and a proponent of Singers discredited religious brainwashing theories. In some cases, these people neglected or even broke contact with their families, who found these changes very strange and upsetting. Stupid Harry Potter). The Inquisition forced acceptance of religious and moral belief on pain of death. This 2012 Scientology decision by the Ninth Circuit reaffirms that religious brainwashing is an unscientific theory that has no basis in fact, lacks credibility and cannot be accepted as reliable evidence in court. So the accusation of brainwashing in this context was clearly used to defame. Who in the end could forge anew the paths of experience and thought which have yielded the treasures of human wisdom and religion? They tend to be financially-secure unmarried white men who have never finished college, andfewer than a quarter of them are actually parents. And thats exactly what wedosee. ) Effect of a "bad grade" in grad school applications. What are the advantages of running a power tool on 240 V vs 120 V? I found the article Cult of Confession quite helpful on this. Some are highly conservative while others are very liberal. Te przydatne bindy CS GO Ci w tym pomog. OBVIOUSLY it is Furthermore, whats the difference between a family who tells their children that God exists and should be worshipped, and a family who tells their children that there is no God and the universe has no meaning? In a statement, Lt. Gov. Deprogramming is a criminal practice that has resulted in numerous criminal convictions and multimillion-dollar judgments against many individuals in the anti-religious movement. And you might say, as an atheist, We want them to make up their own minds, which is great so do I but do you really make it that open-ended? an increase in religious or political views; or showing signs of dependency. Those who have experienced extreme situations, whether they be natural disasters, the horrors ofwar, or a spiritual experience leading to newfaith, testify that ones view on life changes dramatically through such circumstances. Emotional manipulation. Uncertainty. Either way,thats every bit as much a lesson as a bedside Bible reading. Please include the research youve done, or consider if your question suits our English Language Learners site better. Their teaching is based on culture and society prevalent at the time. Zablocki (1997) and Amitrani (2001), citing APA boards and scholars on the subject, concluded that there has been no unanimous decision of the APA regarding this issue. Odbierz DARMOWE przedmioty w ulubionej grze! Terrible though the process was for individuals imprisoned by the Chinese Communist Party, these attempts at extreme coercive persuasion ended with a reassuring result: They showed that the human mind has enormous ability to adapt to stress and also a powerful homeostatic capacity. As for using our power of reasoning, it is applicable to the existence of God and one may consider the arguments presented. Introvigne is the author of some 70 books and more than 100 articles in the You are not good. Brainwashing is the concept that an individuals entire personality can be wiped out and replaced through the use of physical torture and drugs. Society will try to safeguard public good where individuals will have to conform to accepted norms. Chosen techniques included: Dehumanizing of individuals by keeping them in filth, sleep deprivation, partial sensory deprivation, psychological harassment, inculcation of guilt, group social pressure, and so forth. In 1974, the institution sought religious status to avoid legal battles over zoning law violations. They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors. Liberals say yes. WebBrainwashing (also known as mind control, menticide, coercive persuasion, thought control, thought reform, and forced re-education) is the concept that the human mind can be But there are still plenty of other techniques available to an enthusiastic authoritarian. Deal with it. Less extreme cases appear to function in general society but with an obsession about religion and salvation. We don't just accept things, we discuss them within red lines. 01 May 2023 10:13:12 Those who studied new religious movements recognized that religious groups can have considerable influence over their members, and that such influence may have come about through deception and indoctrination. Obviously, Im not suggesting that they cant have an opinion (I mean,Iman unmarried millennial, after all), but it is worth pointing out whentheyre bloviating on a topic with which they have very little practical experience or knowledge. In 1988 Singer and her theories were rejected by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, which noted that the plaintiff in the case had failed to provide any evidence that Dr.Singers particular theory, namely that techniques of thought reform have a significant following in the scientific community, let alone general acceptance.. Nevertheless, it is not far fetched to believe that under extreme circumstances outside forces could influence ones mental state. People have also come to use the terms brainwashing or mind control to explain the otherwise intuitively puzzling success of some methodologies for the religious conversion of inductees to new religious movements (includingcults). Does Scientology engage in brainwashing or mind control? By controlling the physical and social environment, an attempt is made to destroy loyalties to any unfavourable groups or individuals, to demonstrate to the individual that his attitudes and patterns of thinking are incorrect and must be changed, and to develop loyalty and unquestioning obedience to the ruling party. This liberal/authoritarian divide cuts across the religious/atheist one. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); 2015-2022 | Polityka Prywatnoci | Wsppraca. Key elements in their success included tight control of the information available to prisoners, and tight control over their behavior. WebRT @arctvros: wolfwood is so unserious acting all tough like his decade worth of brainwashing and religious indoctrination wasnt instantly decimated by a man with baja blast eyes and severe mommy issues. We Can Expand Our Concept of Beautiful: Bravo, Mattel, WOF 384: Bishop Barron and Jonathan Roumie: A Conversation, WOF 383: What Christianity Brings to the Public Conversation, WOF 382: The Beauty of Hope w/ Fr. Under such conditions, they described the mind as snapping under the pressure, and realigning with the patterns of thought presented by those in control of the process. From my own understanding, I believe the definition of both to be (Ill use religion for my example): Further, the Executive Committee invites those with research on this topic to submit proposals to present their work at Divisional programs. If you don't know what that is it's the little wafer they give you during mass. Authoritarians believe individuals, and particularly children, should defer to some external authority that can make these judgments for them. The use of the term is much more sinister than simply disagreeing with someones life choices. What differentiates living as mere roommates from living in a marriage-like relationship? 20152023 Scientologists Taking Action Against Discrimination. 29 Apr 2023 15:23:32 You can update your choices at any time in your settings. Some examples include: There seems to be little to no accord among specialists on the existence of brainwashing, although many have theorized thattorture, sleep deprivation, and other such techniques may alter a persons state of mind. Allegations of brainwashing were projected by the Anti-Cult Movement (ACM) during the 1980s and 1990s who posited that cults were using advanced forms of psychological manipulation of their members. By clicking Accept all cookies, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our Cookie Policy. Now, part of the response to the challenge All Religion is Brainwashing is to say that, as Christians, we dont argue for religion. Later, APA Division 36 (then Psychologists interested in Religion Issues, later Psychology of Religion) in its 1990 annual convention approved the following resolution: The Executive Committee of the Division of Psychologists Interested in Religious Issues supports the conclusion that, at this time, there is no consensus that sufficient psychological research exists to scientifically equate undue non-physical persuasion (otherwise known as coercive persuasion, mind control, or brainwashing) with techniques of influence as typically practiced by one or more religious groups. Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, and our products. So its not just speculation on the Christian parents part: its rationally trusting the expert, the one Person qualified to tell us these things. Butits more than that. Respected sociologists and experts in religion have also closed the door on this ignorant and archaic view. Steven Hassan (1988), suggested that the influence of sincere but misled people can provide a significant factor in the process of thought reform. And these words which I command you this day shall be upon your heart; andyou shall teach them diligently to your children,and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise. For many, the religious brainwashing begins at birth when we are baptized and subsequently attend Sunday school. Control environment: Loved ones are cut off from family, no communication. Part One: Milieu Control 2.) What is Wario dropping at the end of Super Mario Land 2 and why? In particular, individuals with very rigid systems of belief tended to snap and realign, whereas individuals with more flexible systems of belief tended to bend under pressure and then restore themselves when the external pressures were removed. As noted by Dr.Dick Anthony in the December 1999 issue of Social Justice Research, Singers theories were not based on systematic research on new religions, but rather simply transferred this pseudoscientific brainwashing theory to an ideological attack on new religions. In other words, she simply adopted the CIA brainwashing theory and applied it to new religions. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. That sounds like a joke set-up, but its not supposed to. And finally, not teaching your kids still teaches them something. One of the scariest signs of cult brainwashing is that your identity is stripped from you. The phrase was a play onx xn( to wash the heart), a phrase found in manyDaoisttemples exhorting the faithful to cleanse their hearts of impure desires before entering. WebBrainwashing refers to the systematic application of coercive techniques to change the beliefs or behavior of one or more people, usually for political or religious purposes. Because I believe that. I see people look at indoctrination as a bad thing but from the definition I gave, I wouldnt say that it is a bad thing. WebReligious indoctrination, the original sense of indoctrination, refers to a process of imparting doctrine in an authoritative way, as in catechism. Christians dont think all religions are basically the same, or that religion in a general sense is true. Reading Graduated Cylinders for a non-transparent liquid. A liberal educator will try to explain to him why he is mistaken by giving Johnny reasons and arguments. The God of the Universeentered historyin the Person of Jesus Christ,and He taught, died, and rose from the dead. The Spiritual Life 2010 - 2030. Your Is there a generic term for these trajectories? In May 1989, the American Sociological Association, the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, and individual sociologists and psychologists (including members of an executive council of the APA) reiterated the APAs position in an amicus brief to the Supreme Court of the United States. Dr.Levine offered a purported expert opinion about the psychological coercion that the plaintiff allegedly endured while with the Church of Scientology. Nature. The smoke generated by the battle over faith schools has obscured a far more fundamental dispute that between liberals and authoritarians. Do you teach them that it might be true that Jesus is their Saviour? Only when this change in behavior stems from a core change in beliefs can it be referred to as brainwashing. Wellisch DK. This controversy continued through the latter decades of the twentieth century, involving social scientists and religious leaders on both sides of the argument. Who could personally examine the flow of information which comes day after day from all parts of the world and which is generally accepted as true? Nothing about the centuries of religious leaders hurting kids? For purposes of the brainwashing question, the most important passage is from paragraph 31 of the encyclical: Human beings are not made to live alone. Does the article suggest religious indoctrination or brainwashing? The ultimate goal that drove these extreme efforts consisted of the transformation of an individual with afeudalor capitalist mindset into a right thinking member of the new social system, or, in other words, to transform what the state regarded as a criminal mind into what the state could regard as a non-criminal mind. The understanding of reality comes from ones environment, and so it stands to reason that a drastic change in environmental factors would drastically alter someones grip on reality. I am not sure if this is correct or not. WebReligion is a cancer that needs to be cut out. WebThe term brainwashing (and related terms such as menticide, mind control, coercive persuasion, thought control, spiritual hypnosis) was resurrected in the early 1970s by the modern American anti-cult movement (ACM), and its use spread during the 1980s to Europe, Australia, and other regions of the world. Stephen Law Ph. While some social scientists have argued that the brainwashing paradigm was developed originally by the CIA as a propaganda device to explain why a few POWs appeared to convert to communism while imprisoned, the term brainwashing became firmly embedded in American culture. What is wrong in it? On May11, 1987, the Board of Social and Ethical Responsibility for Psychology of the American Psychological Association (APA) formally dismissed Singers notions of coercive persuasion after she and several of her associates had submitted a report and formed a task force within the APA on deceptive and indirect methods of persuasion and control by minority religions. Such experiences reveal both the power and the delicate nature of the mind. In Islam we engage the brain with logic and reasoning. The tendency to blame the victim has strongly influenced the direction of psychological inquiry. We never want to be threatened or challenged by something we believe is wrong, so a technique that we all use is reductio ad absurdum. baked_in 1 yr. ago In the 1960s, after coming into contact with new religious movements (NRMs), popularly referred to as cults, young people suddenly adoptedfaiths,beliefs, and behavior that differed markedly from their previous lifestyles and seemed at variance with their upbringings. The first suit was dismissed as having no merit. Start typing to search all Word on Fire content. This is particularly effective where nationalist orreligioussentiment is invoked and where the population is poorly educated and has limited access to independent or foreign media. In his 1956 bookBrain-Washing: The Story of the Men Who Defied It,Edward Hunter described a system of befogging the brain so a person can be seduced into acceptance of what otherwise would be abhorrent to him. According to Hunter, the process is so destructive of physical and mental health that many of his interviewees had not fully recovered after several years of freedom from Chinese captivity. By constantly harping on the vagaries and meaninglessness of life outside their belief system, the pure, geometric certainties offered by a political or religious Authority can be made to seem increasingly attractive. In Headley v. Church of Scientology International and Religious Technology Center, no. my book The War For Children's Minds. brainwashing and how to avoid being taken in by mind control. When rigid control of information was terminated, and the former prisoners natural methods of reality testing could resume, the superimposed values and judgments were rapidly attenuated. Let us open such issues to everyone for their consideration. Its something you are. The brief stated that [t]he methodology of Drs. 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